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German industry 4.0: manufacturing innovation

even though Europe is in debt crisis, the German economy is still strong. The driving force of German economic growth comes from the international competitiveness maintained by its basic industry manufacturing. The development of manufacturing industry is an indispensable factor for Germany's industrial growth. Based on this consensus, the German government has made every effort to promote further technological innovation, and the key word is industry 4.0

innovation policy of manufacturing industry

for Germany, manufacturing industry is the traditional driving force of economic growth. In the "high tech Strategy 2020" released in 2010, a series of innovative policies to promote the development of manufacturing industry were put forward. In order to implement this strategy concretely, the German government announced in 2012 a joint action plan for the range of such experimental machines, entitled "ten future projects", some of which are divided into multi-level and cross government departments, and decided to fund 8.4 billion euros to the ten projects from 2012 to 2015

the future project known as industry 4.0 is announced simultaneously with the reform of energy supply structure, sustainable development and other projects. The future project of industry 4.0 is mainly to comprehensively control all processes from consumption demand to production and manufacturing through the deep application of ICT (information and communication technology), so as to achieve efficient production management

through the communication network, 4.5 the smart factory, which uses the feeder to make samples into discs and interconnect all the equipment in the factory, is the best embodiment. All industries in the German manufacturing industry are implementing research related to the project, and plan to invest 200million euros for this purpose

industry 4.0 main research project

cross industry

the German industrial sector supports this policy of the German government and actively participates in the planning and implementation. VDMA, bitkom and ZVEI began to carry out cross-border cooperation. Of particular concern is that the three institutions cooperated to set up the industry 4.0 platform in April 2013, and set up a secretariat in Frankfurt to open a portal on the Internet

at the same time, they also participated in the 2013 Hannover Industrial Expo and held many seminars with the theme of industry 4.0. In addition to actively popularizing it to the industrial field, in 2012, they directly submitted the final report of the platform working group to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and continue to play a major role as a policy advisory body

it is said that the Secretariat is staffed by these three major industry organizations to jointly carry out this important project. The three institutions have cooperated before, but such in-depth cooperation is the first time in history

research projects supported by the German government are usually carried out in the form of cross industry. For example, the German Ministry of education and research has allocated about 5.6 million euros to support the research on the production system development project Cypros related to smart factories. Large lathe manufacturer TRUMPF (VDMA member), famous IT enterprise Salto (bitkom member), large electronic equipment enterprise Siemens (ZVEI member), German Fraunhofer Association, etc., with a total of 21 enterprises, universities and research institutions participating in the joint research

according to the German Ministry of education and research, enterprises, universities and research institutions are the participants of the project, giving enterprises up to 50% of the research funding, and universities and research institutions can receive full funding

foreign enterprises in Germany are also funded, but only if they cooperate with German research institutions and the research results remain in Germany. In addition, there are many other research projects, including those supported by the German Ministry of economy and technology

strengthen international competitiveness

by promoting this future project, Germany looks forward to ensuring the superiority of Germany as a global manufacturing production base and R & D base. A person in charge of the electromechanical industry of the German Trade and Investment Promotion Agency (gtai) said: in recent years, many enterprises have returned their production plants to China. Combined with this battle and slightly promoted by the selection of many industry experts, it is expected to build an efficient production system. By strengthening the international competitiveness of major industrial manufacturing industries, Germany calls on domestic enterprises to return, and then attracts foreign enterprises to invest

at the same time, the production system using ICT technology and the deployment of network security equipment require huge investment costs, which will be a future topic. Small and medium-sized enterprises account for 99% of German enterprises, 52% of total output, 39% of total income and 60% of employment. Especially in the field of machine tools, small and medium-sized enterprises play a great role

however, compared with large enterprises, small and medium-sized enterprises lack funds, and huge investment will burden them. Industry 4.0 is a long-term project just started. For small and medium-sized enterprises in the machine tool industry, it is also necessary to carry out targeted work, emphasizing the significance of long-term work

technological innovation in Germany is led by the government and industry organizations, and promoted horizontally across government departments and industries. Industry 4.0 platform takes the development of technology, standards and business models as its purpose. Initially, it is mainly to promote cooperation between German enterprises, but at present, it is mainly targeted at German enterprises and social organizations

the policy proposal report published on the platform recognizes the importance of the 3D printing digital revolution originating in the United States and is clearly listed as the source of promotion 1 Displacement sensor is a technology from the industrial revolution in Germany. From the report, we can see Germany's strong desire to lead the new industrial revolution

it is understood that Japan is also promoting manufacturing informatization and information physical integration system (CPS). The Ministry of economy, industry, culture, science and technology of Japan and the Japan Association for the promotion of science and technology are funding research on manufacturing informatization and CPS. In the "rejuvenation strategy of Japan" released on June 14 this year, the Japanese government clearly stated that it would promote the application of big data, which shows that Japan is also highly concerned about this topic. However, Japan has not yet established a secretariat to carry out in-depth cooperation with different industry organizations such as machinery, it and electronics, as Germany did

Germany unifies the complex concept of profession with the policy slogan of industry 4.0. Under this slogan, relevant government agencies, industrial fields, societies and organizations have participated in one after another, making them develop into cross government agencies, cross government departments, and cross industry horizontal projects

among them, VDMA, which mainly represents small and medium-sized machinery factories, in addition to participating in the prosense project, also led the establishment of industrial platform 4.0. It can be said that Germany's groundbreaking policies and international strategies are very worthy of reference

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