The hottest industry in 2018 keywords new industri

2022-08-14
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Key words in industrial field in 2018: new industrialization

Abstract: it has to be said that industrialization is the only way for a country's economic development. Throughout the course of human development, the transformation and development of industrial automation drive the continuous improvement of the entire social economy

it has to be said that industrialization is the only way for a country's economic development. Throughout the course of human development, the reform and development of industrial automation drive the continuous improvement of the whole social economy. Although the development process of industrial automation in China is only a few decades, the material wealth it has created is much more than the sum of previous eras. Since the beginning of the industrialization era, China's industrial development speed has surprised the world. It has not only built an industrial system with complete system and huge production capacity, but also become the world's largest manufacturing country and the world's second largest economy, successfully exploring an industrialization road in line with China's national conditions

the report of the 19th CPC National Congress pointed out that "we should promote the synchronous development of new industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization". Since China put forward the road of new industrialization at the 16th National Congress, the road of new industrialization has become one of the hot words after "industry 4.0". The so-called new industrialization is to insist on using informatization to drive industrialization, and using industrialization to promote informatization. In short, it is industrialization with high scientific and technological content, good economic benefits, low resource consumption, less environmental pollution, and full play to the advantages of human resources. Recently, Wang Xinzhe, chief economist of the Ministry of industry and information technology, proposed that "industrial development in the new era needs to be driven from five aspects", and comprehensively elaborated on the development path of new industrialization in the new era

based on five points, move towards a new road

Wang Xinzhe pointed out in his signed article "five aspects of industrial development in the new era" in the people that such achievements and situation are indeed gratifying and proud under the long-term downturn and profound adjustment of the global economy. However, the problem of unbalanced and insufficient Industrial Development in China is still prominent. At present, China's economic development has entered a new era. The strategic goal of China's economic development in the new era is to build a modern economic system and promote high-quality development

· efforts should be made to enhance the ability of innovation and development. Innovation is the first driving force to lead development. We should deploy the innovation chain around the industrial chain, allocate the capital chain around the innovation chain, coordinate and connect in an orderly manner, speed up the overcoming of key core technologies, and break through the bottleneck constraints of industrial development

· efforts should be made to deepen the "two integration". First, the deep integration of informatization and industrialization, accelerate the breakthrough of key core technologies such as 5g and industrial interconnection, and seize the commanding height of industrial development. The second is the in-depth integration of military and civilian sectors, cultivating a number of strategic emerging industries in the core areas related to the future, such as space, ocean, information network, life science, nuclear technology and so on

· focus on improving the quality of products and services. We should deepen the implementation of the strategy of increasing varieties, improving quality and creating brands, improve the quality standards of the manufacturing industry, promote and support enterprises to aim at the international advanced level, speed up the upgrading of technology, equipment and product services, and form a high-quality and diversified supply system. We should also promote the specialization, aggregation and high-end development of the industrial design industry, cultivate and form a number of professional design institutions with core competitiveness, internationally renowned industrial design masters and world-renowned design brands

· efforts should be made to improve the level of openness and cooperation. It is an important magic weapon for the development of China's manufacturing industry to promote development through opening up and grow in international competition and cooperation. We should adapt to the new trend of economic globalization and the strategic deployment of China's development of a higher-level open economy, deepen the international docking cooperation of "made in China 2025", support enterprises to actively integrate into the global industrial chain, value chain and innovation chain, optimize the global layout and build global brands

· efforts should be made to optimize the industrial development environment. To achieve high-quality development, the key is to create an environment conducive to the innovative development of the economy, especially the manufacturing industry, in which many industries have increased the need for metallic copper. It is necessary to strengthen the awareness of releasing water for fish farming, deepen the reform of "releasing, managing and serving", minimize the tax burden on the manufacturing industry, and enhance the endogenous driving force and ability of enterprise development

looking back on the past, the birth of a new technology will inevitably lead to a major change in the era. It is better to use the mouse to find out the data corresponding to each point on the experimental curve; For example, Britain seized the opportunity of steam engine technology in the first industrial revolution and took the lead in realizing industrialization; The United States seized the opportunity of electrical technology reform to achieve economic leap and become a world power. Focusing on the present, it is information technology that affects the industrial competition pattern. To sum up, the core of the new industrialization road is to make full use of information technology to realize industrial intelligence, keep pace with the times, and even overtake on curves

the development momentum is rapid, and the key problems are still

with the strong promotion of the Chinese government, industrial development has achieved great results in 2017, but there is still the imagination of unbalanced and insufficient development. The most obvious is the regional distribution of the overall level of industrial development, which has been gradually reduced from the eastern, central and western regions of China. It is not difficult to find that due to the constraints of geographical location and resource allocation, most of the central and western regions of China focus on the development of heavy industry, resulting in slow economic development. To this end, the state has made great efforts to balance the economic development between the central and western regions and the eastern region through the two major projects of West to East Gas Transmission and west to East power transmission, aiming to make full use of the unique resources of the central and western regions to accelerate development

not only that, the imbalance of industrial structure is also one of the major problems facing China at present. For example, the current low-level overcapacity in steel, petrochemical, building materials and other industries, while the development of high-end industries is not enough, and the phenomenon of relying on imported and foreign-funded enterprises for key equipment, core components and basic software is more serious. Take the chip manufacturing industry as an example. Although domestic chips have gradually stepped on the right track, the dependence on imports of raw materials is as high as 90%. As one of the new industrial industries, people in the industry cannot help worrying about it

in the new era, the real connotation of the new industrialization road

the new industrialization is based on the industrialization road that China has gone through in the past. Its "new" is also reflected in the different era background from other countries that have entered industrialization earlier, including Britain and France, which first achieved industrialization, and the United States and Germany, which subsequently achieved industrialization, It also includes Japan, which realized industrialization after World War II, and the newly industrialized countries or regions represented by the Asian "four little dragons". No matter in terms of knowledge, technology, international market environment, resource environment and so on, taking the international market as an example, since the 1980s, the development of regional economy and global economic integration has accelerated, such as the unification of the euro, the eastward expansion of NATO, the accession of more and more countries and regions to the WTO, the rapid expansion of transnational corporations, globalization has become an irreversible trend, and the strategy of fighting alone seems to be impossible. Therefore, to promote industrialization in this new international market environment, China must face the increasingly fierce global market competition, find its own position in the global division of labor system, give full play to its comparative advantages, and cultivate its core competitiveness, otherwise it will be eliminated by the international market

however, a new round of global scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform are having a huge impact on human production and the quality requirements that cannot meet the market. The combination of Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and manufacturing industry is becoming more and more extensive and in-depth. Intelligent manufacturing and intelligent services are becoming the main direction of the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries and manufacturing industries in the world. The rapid development and extensive and in-depth application of information technology and Internet technology pose a great challenge to the traditional industrialization model: it is increasingly difficult for a country to realize industrialization and ultimately modernization mainly by relying on the advantages of natural resources and labor resources

fortunately, China has seized a very favorable time window and made great achievements in industrialization and economic catch-up. However, at present, industrialization has not been completed, the overall technological innovation ability is still not strong enough, the international competitiveness of most industries is still not strong enough, and the comprehensive strength of the entire economy is still not strong enough. It is necessary to further realize the upgrading of the industrial value chain and the enhancement of competitiveness. Therefore, China has put forward strategies such as "made in China 2025" and "Internet +" to seize the opportunity of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial reform, comprehensively promote the integration and interaction of industrialization and informatization, technological innovation and business model innovation, and manufacturing and service industry, and strive to realize the transformation from made in China to created in China, from Chinese speed to Chinese quality, and from Chinese products to Chinese brands, Finally, we will complete the strategic task of "made in China from big to strong"

therefore, traditional industries should face up to the gap between themselves and other advanced enterprises, use high and new technology to improve and transform traditional industries, increase the high-tech and high value-added content of traditional products, constantly optimize and upgrade traditional products, consolidate existing market share, and expand new market share. In addition, traditional enterprises also need to break the existing way of thinking, break through the shackles of the system, deeply study the development trend of domestic and foreign markets, and adapt to the tide of world scientific and technological development. At the same time, we should strengthen the innovation of products, combine with the current market demand, abandon the low economic efficiency and high waste of resources. At present, the experimental machine represented by the latest hydraulic universal experimental machine produced by Shandong Star High Tech has become the latest generation of products with poor sales. Only by injecting enterprise funds into independent innovation and research, and maximizing enterprise benefits, can we better embrace the road of new industrial development

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